I have published this book using a Creative Commons license to encourage you to use it, change it, and modify it for your own purposes. I would appreciate knowing what you think if you do use this book, and I would love to see any modifications or additions you make.

Barbara Ericson January, 2014

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License. See

This book is intended to help you review for the Advanced Placement Computer Science A Exam. For more information on the exam see